Programmes and Impulses / Czech Art 1939-1999
1999 / A two-day international symposium on the history and impulses of Czech post-war art.
8–9 December 1999, AVU – auditorium, 3rd floor
Organised by the AVU Research Centre
In December 1999 VVP AVU organised in the auditorium of the AVU main building a two-day international symposium Programmes and Impulses / Czech Art 1939 – 1999. Numerous leading art theoreticians and historians as well as leading figures of Czech post-war culture presented papers. The symposium evolved into a forum of conflicting views and opened a discussion on whether programmes, ideologies or impulses of the post-war period formed and continue to form art – whether as progressive or conservative components – and a number of essential problems and events surfaced.
In autumn of 2000 VVP AVU published a collection of the symposium papers and a record of the individual discussions. This publication is a significant contribution to further knowledge of Czech post-war art.
The symposium collection can be purchased at the VVP AVU.
Programme of the symposium
The concept and function of art transformed themselves a number of times after the Second World War. After the occupation, avant-garde programmes lost their importance and their position in the new cultural, social and political situation. In their place appeared doubts on modern art and a feeling of the end of the modern period. The ideology of social realism was vigorously promoted by authority, although in the beginning numerous significant theoreticians and artists took part in establishing the movement as well. Part of the Czech scene attempted to renew the tradition of modern art and maintain a modernist viewpoint within the conditions of socialism, while another part rejected any adaptation and assumed an increasingly avant-garde and anti-modern position. From the 1960s resistance to both movements became one of the constant phenomena of Czech art. In the later years of normalisation, a radical underground movement arrives with the programme of another culture and at the same time the Czech variant of „simple distance“ – art as a replacement for politics and religion – is formed.
As late as the 1980s postmodern programmes acted to subvert the older resistant positions and, as a reaction to this (or as their mistaken interpretation), the old-new model of a conservative return to the pre-modern tradition was once again revived. These transformations, in which the concept of art redefined itself and its social function, remained and continue to cause „residual problems“ (J. Patocka) – models difficult to overcome, traditional complications, historicism, nationalism, and myths.
Jana and Jiri Sevcik – Programmes as Manifestos of Transformations of the Concept of Art
Tomas Pospiszyl – Crossroads of Modernism
Tereza Petiskova – On the Beginnings of the Association of Czechoslovak artists
Pavlina Morganova – Forms of Official Culture
Ludmila Vachtova – The Pragmatism of Memories
Eva Petrova – Forming a New Figuration
Vit Havranek – The Concept of Space in Czech Art Theory in the 1960s
Jana Gerzova – Appropriation Versus Creative Interpretation
Zora Rusinova – Harmony and Contradictions in the Collective Programmes of Slovak Fine Arts 1970 – 1989
Rostislav Svacha – Czech Architectonic Thought in the 1990s
Zdenek Beran – Burial Feasts
Milan Knizak – Underground as the Convention
Olaf Hanel – From Resistance to Opposition and Back: 1970s Art Scene
Petr Rezek – Retrospect
Miroslav Petricek – The Programme as Recapitulation and a Call
Petr Wittlich – Symbol and Image in Czech Art
Vlasta Cihakova-Noshiro – The Circumstance of Archetype
Jana Smejkalova – Mild Impulses of the Czech Art Scene from 1999
Pavel Liska – On the Problem of Programatism in Contemporary Art